This new title had been in the planning stages for the past two years as the dramatic rise of women in the workforce to positions of leadership was increasingly recognized – especially spurred on by the manpower shortages during World War II.
In preparing the 29th and 30th editions of Who’s Who in America the editors picked and included four times the number of new listings for women as the average in the preceding twenty-eight editions. Marquis was further spurred on to publish the new title because of the needs expressed by many libraries and women’s organizations.
In December 1958 Marquis Who’s Who announces the publication of the 1st edition of Who’s Who of American Women. The directory contains 20,000 women of stature in numerous fields, ranging from education to business to the arts and communication. Some of the women selected for Who’s Who of American Women are also in Who’s Who in America.